Jakarta Field Station > Collaborative Projects > Figurative Language > Questionnaire > English
Figurative Language Questionnaire - English
David Gil and Yeshayahu Shen
The goal of this questionnaire is to provide an overview of metaphorical expressions in a wide variety of the world's languages.
We are trying to obtain responses to the questionnaire from as many languages as possible, with particular emphasis on languages that are very different from Standard Average European with respect to their grammatical structures, their genealogical affiliations, and the cultures of their speakers.
This questionnaire may be filled out by native speakers of the language, or by scholars with either an extensive familiarity with the language, or with access to native speakers.
The questionnaire may be filled out in varying degrees of detail. Depending on how much detail is provided, realistic response times might vary from half an hour to a few hours. (Of course, since the questions are open ended, you could spend much more time than that, but then you would be working on your own research project, rather than helping us with ours.) We would appreciate as little or as much detail as you would be willing to provide.
Please send your responses to David Gil, by either email or snailmail.
Email: <gil at eva.mpg.de>
All information provided will of course be duly acknowledged in any publications based on this questionnaire.
Name of language: __________
Further information about language (optional): __________
Name of respondent: __________
Names of informants/consultants (if different from respondent): __________
List the words in your language whose meanings correspond to the following English words. Then, for each of the words that you listed, describe any additional, non-literal or metaphorical usages that it may also have, in domains other than the standard or basic domain of the word. [For example, in English 'see' may also be used metaphorically to mean 'understand'.]
BODY PART TERMS
For each of the following three domains, list as many metaphorical expressions as you can think of in your language.
MENTAL STATES AND ACTIVITIES
PART 3 (optional and open ended):
Having reached this point in the questionnaire, you have presumably acquired a feel for the range of phenomena that we are interested in. However, the questions that we asked may have missed out on many other interesting kinds of metaphorical usage which perhaps play a more central role in your language. Please provide whatever information you think may be of interest concerning other kinds of metaphorical usages in your language.
Finally, we would appreciate any comments you may have on the questionnaire itself, and how to make it more user friendy.
Thank you for your help.
Last modified: 8 September 2004